WARSAW: Thousands of Poles have gathered outside parliament in the capital Warsaw to condemn a controversial reform of the judiciary.
Protesters say the bill, passed by the Senate on Saturday, will erode judges’ independence and undermine democracy.
It gives MPs and the justice minister the power to appoint judges without consulting judicial circles.
The government says the move is needed because the judiciary is corrupt and serves only the interests of elites.
The bill must still be signed by President Andrzej Duda in order to become law. He has given no indication that he plans to veto it.
Since it came to power in 2015, the government of the conservative, populist Law and Justice party (PiS), has passed a series of controversial reforms, triggering mass protests.
Opposition supporters and human rights activists gathered under Polish and EU flags, and other banners, blowing klaxons.
Włodzimierz Wróbel, a Supreme Court justice, told the BBC Poland would lose an independent judiciary.
“It’s the politicians and the minister of justice, who is at the same time the general prosecutor, who will choose the judges of the Supreme Court,” he said.
“This way the Supreme Court which validates all verdicts in the judiciary system in Poland and also validates the elections, in this way you can influence these decisions if they are, let’s say, politically sensitive.”
Polish senators backed the judicial reform bill in a vote on Saturday morning after a heated debate.
Earlier this week, Justice Minister Zbigniew Ziobro had argued that the changes were necessary because the current system of appointing judges was undemocratic.
“We want to end corporatism and introduce the oxygen of democracy there. Because Poland is a democracy based on the rule of law.
“This is not court-ocracy,” the minister said.
Many Poles agree with the government, the BBC’s Adam Easton in Warsaw reports, but many others say this is not about reform but about political control.
Opposition parties are concerned that the law would give parliament – dominated by PiS lawmakers – an indirect control over judicial appointments, violating the constitutional separation of powers.
A separate bill was also presented in parliament this week, which would allow the justice minister to get rid of all of Poland’s Supreme Court judges and appoint new ones.
This piece of legislation was not consulted on beforehand and introduced to parliament in the middle of the night, our correspondent says. It is still being discussed.
Under the PiS government, he adds, the justice minister already wields considerable power over the prosecution service in his role as prosecutor general because he can influence prosecutors to launch investigations.
Earlier this week, the Council of Europe’s Human Rights Commissioner, Nils Muiznieks, said the reforms were “a major setback for judicial independence”.
Meanwhile, Manfred Weber, leader of the European Parliament’s largest grouping the EPP, said: “Law and Justice is putting an end to the rule of law and leaving the European community of values.”__BBC